Amelia Earhart 

Amelia Mary Earhart was an American aviator and an author. Amelia was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Amelia was born in  Atchison, Kansas on July 24, 1897. She developed a passion for exploration and adventure at a very young age. She was born to Samuel ‘Edwin’ Stanton Earhart (1867-1930) and Amelia ‘Amy’ Otis (1869-1962). Amelia Earhart lived in Atchison in the home of her grandfather Alfred Gideon Otis (1827-1912). She was part of German descent. She started to gain flying experience in her twenties. When the Spanish Flu pandemic happened in 1918, Amelia was engaged in nursing at the Spadina Military Hospital. Unfortunately, she became a patient due to pneumonia and maxillary sinusitis (virus of the sinus) but was then discharged in December 1918. Amelia had some surgeries in the hospital but her convalescence lasted almost a year. Amelia and a friend visited an airfield near Toronto. In Long Beach, Amelia had a ten-minute fly session with Frank Hawks and that was when she knew she had to fly. In 1928, Amelia became the first female passenger to cross the Atlantic Ocean by plane. She accompanied pilot Wilmer Stultz. From this flight, Amelia achieved a celebrity status which gained her fame. She also did a lot more: she wrote best-selling books, broke 2 world records, and much more. Her books were called Last Flight (1937), The Fun Of It (1932), and 20 hrs 40 minutes (1928). Amelia Earhart’s first record was in 1922 when she became the first woman to fly solo above 14,000 feet. Her second record was in 1932, and she became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic ocean. In 1932, she piloted the Lockheed Vega 5B and she made a nonstop solo transatlantic flight. This means she crossed the Atlantic. She received the United States Distinguished Flying Cross for completing the flight. In 1935, Amelia Earhart became a visiting member of Purdue University as an advisor to aeronautical engineering, also a career counselor to young female students.  As well as this, she was also a member of the national woman’s party and an early supporter of the equal rights amendment. An amendment is a change to the law. This means the Equal Rights Amendment is an amendment to the United States designed to guarantee equal rights no matter what gender you are. However in 1937, during an attempt at becoming the first female to complete a circumnavigation (a journey around an island, country, or astronomical body) flight around the globe, in the Lockheed Model 10-E Electra, Amelia and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Central Pacific Ocean. The pair were last seen in Lae, New Guinea on July 2 when they were making their final land stop before reaching Howland Island. Almost 1 year and 6 months after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappeared, they were both unfortunately declared dead. To this day, investigations are still going on as to where they disappeared, why they disappeared, and how.